|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2001|
|Authors:||S. D. Cairns|
|Journal:||Proceedings Of The Biological Society Of Washington|
The nine species of Chrysogorgia known from the western Atlantic are described and illustrated. One species is described as new (C. herdendorfi), three species are synonymized (C. orientalis, C. affinis, C. elisabethae), and two species are elevated in rank from variety to species (C. multiflora and C. thyrsiformis). Lectotypes are chosen for six of the species and a neotype for one, C. desbonni, the type species of the genus. A type species is also designated for the genus Dasygorgia, a junior synonym of Chrysogorgia. An identification key to the nine species is given, as well as a list of the 59 currently recognized species in the genus, along with their type locality, depth of capture, and branching sequence. The study was based on newly reported specimens from over 150 deep-water stations as well as re-examination of all historical material; additional records of C. squamata and C. spiculosa represent the first reports of these species since their original description in 1883.